File:EdwardBalfour.jpg|thumb|Portrait by Walter Saunders Barnard (1880) at the Madras Museum
'''Edward Green Balfour''' (6 September 1813 Angus, Montrose-8 December 1889, Gloucester Terrace, London
) was a Scottish surgeon, oriental studies|orientalist
and pioneering environmentalist in India
. He founded museums at Chennai|Madras
, a zoological garden in Madras and was instrumental in raising awareness on forest conservation and public health in India. He published a ''Cyclopaedia of India'', several editions of which were published after 1857, translated works on health into Indian languages and wrote on a variety of subjects.